Following are these Types of Barriers to Effective Communication
1. Physical Barriers :- Physical barriers are easy to spot- doors that are closed, walls that are erected, and distance between people all work against the goal of effective communication. While most agree that people need their own personal areas in the workplace setting up an office to remove physical barriers is the first step towards opening communication. Many professionals who work in industries that thrive on collaborative communication. such as architecture, purposefully design their work-spaces around an “open office” plane. This layout eschews cubicles in favour of desks grouped around a central meeting space. While each individual has their own dedicated work space. there are no visible barriers to prevent collaboration with their co-workers. This encourages greater openness and frequently creates closer working bonds.
2. Perceptual barriers :- Perceptual barriers, in contrast, are internal. If you go into a situation thinking that the person you are talking to is not going to understand or be interested in what you have to say, you may end up subconsciously sabotaging your effect to make your point.
3. Cultural barriers :- Cultural barriers, are a result of living in an ever shrinking world. Different cultures, whether they be a societal culture of a race or simply the work culture of a company, can hinder developed communication if two different cultures clash. In these cases, it a problem and coming up with a highly efficient way to solve it can quickly topple any cultural or institutional barriers. Quite simply, people like results.
4. Language Barriers :- Language Barriers seen pretty self-inherent, but there are often hidden language barriers that we aren’t always aware of. If you work in an industry that is heavy in jargon or technical language, care should be taken to avoid these words when speaking with someone from outside the industry. Without being patronizing imagine explaining a situation in your industry to a child. How would you convey these concepts without replying on jargon? A clear, direct narrative is preferable to an incomprehensible slew of specialty terms.
5. Gender Barriers :- Gender Barriers have become less of an issue in recent years, but there is still the possibility for a man to misconstrue the words of a woman, or vice versa. Men and women tend to form their through differently, and this must be taken into account when communicating. This difference has to do with how the brain of each sex is formed during gestation. In general, men are better at spatial visualization and abstract concepts such as math, while women excel at language-based thinking and emotional identification. However, successful professionals is highly competitive fields tend to have similar thought processes regardless of their gender.
6. Interpersonal Barriers :- Interpersonal Barriers are what ultimately keep us from reaching out to each other and opening ourselves up, not just to be heard, but to hear others. Oddly enough, this can be the most difficult area to change. Some people aspect lives attempting to overcome a poor self-image or a series of deeply rooted prejudices about their place in the world. They are unable to from genuine connections with people because they have too many false perceptions blocking the way luckily, the cure for this is more communication. By engaging with others, we learn what our actual strengths and weaknesses are. This allows us to put forth our ideas in a clear, straightforward manner.
7. Semantic Barriers :- There is always a possibility of misunderstanding the feelings of the sender of the message or getting a wrong meaning of it. The words, sign, and figures used in the communication are explained by the receiver in the high of his experience which creates doubtful situations. This happens because the information is not sent in simple language.