Close Reading is a skill that requires students to determine purpose and notice features and language used by the author so that they can think thoughtfully and methodically about the details in the text and why they were used.
Close Reading is a method of literary analysis that focuses on the particular elements of a passage to tease out meaning. Instead of looking at the general meaning of a text, the close reader analyzes word and its relationships with the other words.
When Doing a close reading scholars look at diction, analyzing the meanings of the words as they existed when the author wrote the text. they also interpret each punctuation mark, determining why an author chose every comma, semicolon and period. Paying such close in gets the reader breath the superficial meaning of a text to find profundities and beneath the surface.
Close Reading teaches students to seek out micro-levels of understanding. It’s more than being able to retell a story or provide a main idea or supporting details from a text. When students are taught to read a text closely, they become more skilled at locating evidence within a sentence or a paragraph or a page of a text or story. Then orally or in writing, they can justify answer to text-dependent questions based on evidence. These are basic close reading skills as outlined by the Common Core English arts Standards, as well as most newly written state standards that all students must know to succeed in college and in their career.
What are some strategies for Close Reading :-
Strategies for close reading include underlining with purpose, numbering paragraphs, chunking text and using the margins for thoughtful notes. Additionally, focus on making connections within the text.
1. Underline, circle and highlight specific words or phrases depending on the type of text,, such as key terms, claims in an argument or powerful verbs. Number each paragraph in the text or selected passage to easily reference the text, easily reference the text, especially when discussing it with students or teachers.
2. Chunking is another common strategy that involves breaking a large piece of text into smaller chunks to make it less intimidating and to increase focus. Do this by drawing horizontal lines between one or more paragraphs. Skin the text to find where natural chunks occur, such as when the author switches topic.
3. In the left margin, summarize what the author is saying within the text chunks in 10 words or less. In the right margin, choose a method of digging deeper into the text, such as illustrating the author’s ideas, describing what the author is doing in a a single verb, or asking questions about the text. After reading a chunk of text, try to make connections with the rest on the text as well as predictions about how it might connect to future text.
Following are the Steps which helps the students to Close Reading :-
Teaching close reading well asks a lot of us as educators. If we are serious helping students delve into text for more through understanding, we will need to plane thoughtfully for the close reading process from start to finish.
Top 10 steps here outline key points to consider as s plan close reading instruction :-
1. Identify a text you think will he suitably complex and engaging for closer reading.
2. Analyze the text for complexity.
3. Determine what you want students to learn from a first close reading.
4. Decide how you will approach your text– and chunk it.
5. Create text-dependent questions for each chunk– but aim for Independence.
6. Embed your close reading lesson within a week of shared ( which class ) reading instruction.
7. Identify your (shared) lesson content for the rest of the week.
8. Consider implications for small–group instruction.
9. Consider implications for independent reading.
10. Embed a week of close reading into a unit of 20-30 days.